The zero pollution program proposed for India implemented by 2050, will use Photo Voltaic (PV) Panels in a 15 TW PV system, generating 18,000TWhrs/yr of Clean and Sustainable Solar Electricity. This will require about 90,000 km2 of land, having a Sun Exposure, and using TODAY’s Technology.
The Total Land Area of India is about 3.1 Million km2. The ZPS proposed here is AgriVoltaics or AV a Solar Technology Option that uses modified AVPV (Agro Voltaics Photo Voltaic) Panels. These are installed on the roof of Greenhouse like AV Structures to Generate Electricity above and Food below at the same time and on the same land without using any further land, which is in short supply in India, to maintain and sustain its bio diversity today and for the future.
India today, or by 2050, will have about 2.5 Million km2 of Agricultural / Farm Land, so 90,000 km2 of this is barely 4%.
The advantage with AV is, it does not affect the Food production or Agricultural produce below. in fact, it can even be increased by optimizing the design of semi-transparent AVPV Panels and Crop selection, controlling the temperature, and even having additional crops in the northern region of the country. It also reduces water usage by 50% or more.
These systems will be installed in the 600,000 villages of India. At present there are 650,000 villages but it is assumed that only 600,000 villages will be used for various reasons.
A typical model village will have an area of 4.4 km2 with 3.8 km2 of farm land and the balanced used for Housing, Schools, and Community Services etc. Each typical/average village will have about 1,200 residents with a total population of 720Million or 48% of the Population in India in 2050.
Each of the 600,000 villages would, typically, have a 25MW ZPS Solar System, or a 15TW ZPS Solar System in India.
These 25MW Systems would be powered by the 250 farms, each having a 100 KW system using barely 4% of the total 4.4km2 land area in the village.
There are different options of AV Structures available today. They could be Greenhouse like Structures, series of slanting roofs, or roofs with semi-transparent AVPV Panels, or glass or open gaps.
These AVPV Panels and AV Structures can be optimised for Production of Electricity and the growing of Agricultural Produce below. which could be designed for different levels of transparency depending upon the climate and the crops farmer wants to grow below.
The ZPS Business Plan is now presented. At the onset it must be mentioned that this is an Investment and not expenditure as it has a positive Return on Investment (ROI) and the money invested will be paid back by the revenue generated from the sale of Electricity. This is very important to note as it can change the thinking of the Government and the People that this is not another “Give Away” to farmers and not getting anything in return, at the expense of the Exchequer.
What is proposed is a direct “Govt. To Farmer” or G2F Partnership of $20Trillion by 2050, where the Govt. of India (GOI) will provide the Financing through the Reserve Bank of India , its Banker, and the Farmers will provide the Land, Day to Day Operation, Maintenance and Security as they reside there already.
The GOI and Farmers share from the Revenue collected. A 70/30% split is proposed for the GOI and Farmers respectively.
The Annual Production of Electricity and Revenue generated will be 18,000TWhrs/yr or $1.44 Trillion (@ Rs6/KWhr) including Energy Storage. In addition Carbon Credits (CC) at $25/CC will provide an Additional Revenue of ~ $0.45 Trillion. So the Total Annual Revenue is about $2Trillion per year.
Annually $1.32 Trillion be shared by the GOI and the Farmers will get $0.6 trillion in Cash or Electricity as metered on each 100 KW or 25MW Village Installation.
Each farmer will get a Gross Annual income of Rs3.8 Lakhs per year. Some of which will be for minimal O&M expenses for Cleaning and other such minor Expenses. As this is a G2F Partnership, Major Breakdowns will be covered by the GOI.